NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) have issued certain other accounting pronouncements as of December 31, 2020 that will become effective in subsequent periods; however, management does not believe that any of these pronouncements would have significantly affected the Company’s financial accounting measurements or disclosures had they been in effect during the periods for which financial statements are included in this annual report, nor does management believe those pronouncements would have a significant effect on the Company’s future financial position or results of operations.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents are comprised of cash in banks and highly liquid instruments with original maturities of three months or less, primarily consisting of investments in institutional money market funds.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the asset. Estimated useful lives are generally as follows:
Fixtures, equipment and software -- 3 to 10 years
Leasehold improvements -- lower of estimated useful life or term of lease (i.e., 2 to 7 years)
Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are subject to annual impairment testing using the specific guidance and criteria described in the accounting guidance. The Company performs its goodwill impairment testing at least annually in the fourth quarter of each year, unless circumstances dictate the need for more frequent assessment. Goodwill impairment is determined using a two-step process. The first step of the impairment test is used to identify potential impairment by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit to the book value, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its book value, goodwill of the reporting unit is not considered impaired and the second step of the impairment test is not required. If the book value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the impairment test is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. The second step of the impairment test compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill with the book value of that goodwill. If the book value of the reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined in the same manner as the amount of goodwill recognized in a business combination. The Company completed its annual goodwill impairment tests for 2020 and 2019 during the fourth quarter of each year and determined there was no impairment of existing goodwill.
The Company reviews its long-lived amortizable assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable in accordance with accounting guidance. Recoverability of assets held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to undiscounted pre-tax future net cash flows expected to be generated by that asset. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, management believes no impairment of long-lived assets has occurred.
The Company provides for deferred income taxes resulting from temporary differences between financial statement and income tax reporting. Temporary differences are differences between the amounts of assets and liabilities reported for financial statement purposes and their tax bases. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for temporary differences that will be taxable in future years’ tax returns. Deferred tax assets are recognized for temporary differences that will be deductible in future years’ tax returns and for operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if it is deemed more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.
The Company applies FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”) to recognize revenue. ASC 606 requires an entity to apply the following five-step approach: (1) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (2) identify each performance obligation in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation; and (5) recognize revenue when or as each performance obligation is satisfied. The Company’s primary source of revenue is subscription income which is recognized ratably over the subscription term.
The Company has applied the practical expedient to recognize incremental costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred if the amortization period of the asset that otherwise would have been recognized is one year or less.
For all leases, at the lease commencement date, a right-of-use asset and a lease liability are recognized. The right-of-use asset represents the right to use the leased asset for the lease term. The lease liability represents the present value of the remaining lease payments under the lease. Lease payments included in the measurement of the lease liability comprise the following: the fixed noncancelable lease payments and payments for optional renewal periods where it is reasonably certain the renewal period will be exercised. Lease expense for operating leases consists of the lease payments plus any initial direct costs, and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The Company’s operating lease right-of-use asset and operating lease liability represents the lease for the office space used to conduct its business.
Net Income (Loss) Per Share
Net income (loss) per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted net income (loss) per share is calculated giving effect to all potentially dilutive common shares, assuming such shares were outstanding during the reporting period. The difference between basic and diluted net income (loss) per share is solely attributable to stock options. The Company uses the treasury stock method to calculate the impact of outstanding stock options (see Note 8).
An operating segment, in part, is a component of an enterprise whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker (the “CODM”) to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance. Operating segments may be aggregated only to a limited extent. The Company’s CODM, the Chief Executive Officer, reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis, accompanied by disaggregated information about revenues for purposes of making operating decisions and assessing financial performance. Accordingly, the Company has determined that it has a single operating and reportable segment. In addition, the Company has no foreign operations or any assets in foreign locations.
The Company recognizes the grant-date fair value of all stock-based awards on a straight-line basis over their respective requisite service periods (generally equal to an award’s vesting period). The Company records deferred tax assets for awards that will result in deductions on its tax returns, based upon the amount of compensation cost recognized and the statutory tax rate in the jurisdiction in which it will receive a deduction.
See Note 5 for more information regarding the Company’s stock compensation plans.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company records its financial instruments at fair value in accordance with accounting guidance. The determination of fair value assumes that the transaction to sell an asset or transfer a liability occurs in the principal market for the asset or liability or, in the absence of a principal market, the most advantageous market for the asset or liability. The fair value hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the source of inputs as follows: (a) Level 1 – valuations based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities; (b) Level 2 – valuations based on quoted prices in markets that are not active, or financial instruments for which all significant inputs are observable; either directly or indirectly; and (c) Level 3 – valuations based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable; thus, reflecting assumptions about the market participants.
The Company, in accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-01, classifies its debt securities as “available-for-sale” and are recorded at fair value. Realized gains and losses on available-for-sale debt securities are reported in net income with unrealized gains and losses reported in other income.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk principally consist of cash, cash equivalents, available-for-sale securities and accounts receivable. The Company maintains its cash and cash equivalents in bank deposit and other accounts, the balances of which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. Exposure to credit risk is reduced by placing such deposits in high credit quality financial institutions.
The Company closely monitors the extension of credit to its customers. The Company’s accounts receivable balance is net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company does not require collateral or other security to support credit sales, but provides an allowance for doubtful accounts of $30,000 as of December, 31, 2021 and 2019, based on historical experience and specifically identified risks. Accounts receivable are charged off against the allowance for doubtful accounts when management determines that recovery is unlikely and the Company ceases collection efforts. The Company does not believe that significant credit risk existed at December 31, 2020 nor 2019.